The management of the water supply has long been a state concern in Indonesia due to water stress in many areas and poor governance. Tadzkia Nurshafira and Husna Yuni Wulansari of Universitas Gadjah Mada in Yogyakarta argue that private-sector participation is helping alleviate the country’s water crisis in localities that have adopted a flexible approach to the principle that water is a public good. They argue that the involvement of the private sector may be necessary so long as it is not self-regulated and does not impede existing diverse models of water delivery or run counter to socio-political realities on the ground.
In Indonesia, Water can be a Public and Private Good. AsiaGlobal Online (December 5, 2019)